TOEFL® Young Students Series

A key member of the ETS TOEFL family intended for students from 5-17 years old

Flexible application and test format

Detailed score reports

Wide range of uses and high acceptance of results

Test results are mapped to CEFR and Metametrics® Lexile®Measures

About TOEFL® Young Students Series

Now, countries are introducing English as a second language to learning more than ever. The TOEFL® Young Students Series, a key member of the ETS TOEFL family, is an extension of the TOEFL test for students in the lower and middle school age groups, and consists of two tests, the TOEFL Primary® test and the TOEFL Junior® test.

About ETS

Founded in 1947, ETS (Educational Testing Service) develops rigorous, research-based assessment products that provide fair and valid assessment services to improve the quality and equity of education for people around the world. It also conducts educational research, analysis and policy studies. With hosting schools in more than 10,000 locations and more than 180 countries and territories, ETS develops, administers and evaluates more than 50 million tests each year, including the TOEFL, GRE, TOEIC and The Praxis Series exams.

Reasons of choosing TOEFL® Young Students Series

A Key member of the ETS TOEFL® family of tests

Flexible Application and Test Format
Rapidly Scoring

Detailed Score Reports

Wide Range of Uses and High Acceptance of Results

Benchmarking to the Common European Framework for Languages (CEFR)

Match with Lexile® measure

Test Overview

TOEFL Primary® Test TOEFL Junior® Test
Test Introduction The newest member of the TOEFL family, designed for younger English learners, is close to the cognitive ability and knowledge range of younger students A standardized English proficiency test for students in middle school and above from countries where English is not their native language, which can be used as proof of achievement for applying to U.S. high schools.
Classification Reading and Listening Step 1 Reading and Listening Step 2 Standard Test
Format Paper delivered Paper delivered Paper delivered
Applicable Groups Lower grades in elementary school higher grades in elementary school Aged 11-17
Sections Listening Reading Listening Reading Listening Comprehension Language Form and Meaning Reading Comprehension
Number of Items 36 36 36 36 42 42 42
Time 30 30 30 30 40 25 50
Scale Scores 100-109 104-115 600-900
Score Levels

A level of 1–4 Stars

A level of 1–5 Badges

A level of 1–5

TOEFL Primary® Test and TOEFL Junior® Test

TOEFL Primary® tests

Test Introduction

The TOEFL Primary® tests are assessments from ETS that help to shape young students' English-language instruction in a way you never could before. The tests measure students' English communication skills and progress in English classes and provide meaningful feedback about their abilities to both you and their parents. Based on the rich heritage of the TOEFL test and best practices in English-language testing, the TOEFL Primary® tests are designed for students aged 5-11 and measure the English communication skills that provide a foundation for students' future success.

Test Contents and Structures

TOEFL Primary® Reading and Listening tests are paper delivered test. It assesses students' knowledge, skills and abilities to achieve the core goal of English language learning - communication. There are 2 levels of this test - Step 1 and Step 2. The test format is multiple-choice.

Listening and Reading - Step 1

Intended for students in the earlier stages of English learning and covers: Familiar contexts (school, home, playground); Basic formulaic expressions; Basic vocabulary and phrases related to common objects and people; Short and simple requests and directions; Short and simple text relevant to everyday experiences

Test Contents and Arrangements

Section Number of Questions Number of Examples Total Number of Questions Time
Reading 36 3 39 30 Minutes
Listening 36 5 41 30 Minutes

Listening and Reading - Step 2

Intended for students who have acquired some communicative English skills and covers: Basic expressions, requests, phrases and directions; Simple short stories and conversations on topics beyond everyday experiences; Unfamiliar words given sufficient amount of contextual clues; Simple content-based texts

Test Contents and Arrangements

Section Number of Questions Number of Examples Total Number of Questions Time
Reading 36 1 37 30 Minutes
Listening 36 3 39 30 Minutes

Scoring and Reporting

TOEFL Primary® : Detailed and comprehensive score reports highlight what students have accomplished as English language learners and where they are ready to improve. TOEFL Primary® : Due to rapid development of English proficiency by younger learners, ETS recommends that scores not be used beyond 1 year. Includes:Respective score level、Respective score range、Ability description and corresponding CEFR TOEFL Primary® : Scores of Reading and Listening, CEFR TOEFL Primary® : Scores on each section of the Reading and Listening are mapped to CEFR levels that give students, parents and teachers the opportunity to measure students' abilities based on internationally accepted standards.
Section CEFR Level Below A2 CEFR Level A2 CEFR Level B1 CEFR Level B2
Reading Comprehension 101 102-104 105-112 113-115
Listening Comprehension 101 102-104 105-112 113-115

Certificate of Achievement

TOEFL Primary® Reading and Listening-Step 1  Examples of certificates

TOEFL Junior® tests

Test Introduction

TOEFL Junior® tests, intended for students aged 11+, are part of the TOEFL Family of Assessments and provide real insight into your students' English communication skills to help you make the best decisions and guide them on a path to success. 
TOEFL Junior® tests measure students' English language proficiency in academic and everyday social life on campus, and includes Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension, and Language Form and Meaning that reflect students' ability to use English in an English-medium instructional environment.

Test Contents and Structure

TOEFL Junior® is a paper-delivered test that consists of three main sections:

Listening Comprehension

Using secondary school life as a background, the three major listening materials - classroom instructions, conversations, academic lectures and discussions - are used to examine students' English listening skills in an English-speaking environment.

Language Form and Meaning

In the form of genres seen and commonly used by candidates in their daily lives, questions are asked as close as possible to campus life in order to examine students' communication and language application skills in an English-speaking environment.

Reading Comprehension

Students' reading comprehension skills in an English-speaking environment are examined through two major types of texts, non-academic and academic, in multiple genre formats.

Test Contents and Arrangements

Section Number of items Score Time
Listening Comprehension 42 200-300 40 Minutes
Language Form and Meaning 42 200-300 25 Minutes
Reading Comprehension 42 200-300 50 Minutes
Total 126 600-900 115 Minutes

Scoring and Reporting

TOEFL Junior® score reports are a valuable tool that can help you guide your students. They include scores, Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) levels, as well as descriptions of student's ability that you can use to help students, parents and teachers understand students' proficiency levels and progress
TOEFL Junior® test scores are available for 2 years after the test date
TOEFL Junior® Standard Test Score Report
Includes:both section and overall score levels, a description of students' English language ability who scored within a specified percentage of marks, each section's score is mapped to CEFR® and Lexile® measure level
TOEFL Junior® Standardized test scores and CEFR levels
TOEFL Junior® Each section is corresponding to CEFR levels to give students, parents and teachers the opportunity to better measure students' English proficiency
Section CEFR Level Below A2 CEFR Level A2 CEFR Level B1 CEFR Level B2
Listening Comprehension 225 Below 225-245 250-285 290-300
Language Form and Meaning 210 Below 210-245 250-275 280-300
Reading Comprehension 210 Below 210-240 245-275 280-300

Certificate of Achievement

Students' Reading Level with MetaMetrics® Lexile® Measures

The score reports for the reading comprehension section of both the TOEFL® Primary and TOEFL Junior® tests include Lexile measures, which is to measure an English language learner's reading level and the difficulty of text. The Lexile measure Reading Database helps students quickly find books that match their reading level.

*Beginning Reader (BR) represents readers and texts with Lexile measure less than 0L. The smaller the number after the BR code, the higher the reading level of the reader or the higher the difficulty of the text. The higher the number, the easier the text or the lower the reading level of the reader.

Host Schools

TOEFL Junior® Host Schools